Writing for a Purpose
The teaching of writing is focused on the skills needed for each genre or text type. Teachers plan how best to teach grammar, punctuation, composition and spelling in a creative way that provides the children with a context and an audience for the writing. Each year group has a range of objectives that need to be covered and text types that are to be taught to cover these objectives. 'Writing for a Purpose' is centred around longer blocks of learning, focusing on fewer genres or text types while also covering the expected objectives for English in each year group. Rather than trying to teach many different genres, we can look at the similarities [and differences] between the 4 ‘purposes of writing’ and find common features e.g. in KS1 writing to inform and writing to entertain uses very similar punctuation content.
There are 4 Writing “Purposes” covering fiction and non-fiction.
Writing to entertain- which includes writing stories or narrative, character or setting descriptions and poetry.
Writing to inform- where the author provides clear, factual and to the point information to the reader. When writing to inform the author can compare and contrast two subjects. This writing can be presented as a newspaper, magazine, website page, recount, letter, instructions, explanation, biography or autobiography and a report.
Writing to persuade- when the author is putting forward their point of view, trying to persuade you to agree with them or change their mind about a point. Persuasive writing can be in the form of advertising, letter, speech, poster or a campaign.
Writing to discuss- discussions put forward both parts of an argument, and are written for anyone who wants to know all the fact and opinions. Discussions can be presented as a newspaper article, balanced argument or a review.