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Willowdown Primary Academy

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Phase 4 phonics

Consonant clusters are two sounds that go together in a word, but these sounds two consonants.

Consonants: b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y and z


Vowels: a, e, i, o, u (not used in consonant clusters)


Sometimes you might hear us talking about CVCC or CCVC or CVC words. All this means is Consonant, Vowel, Consonant, Consonant (CVCC) OR 

Consonant, Consonant, Vowel, Consonant  (CCVC) OR 

Consonant, Vowel, Consonant (CVC)


Example of consonant clusters are below along with some example of words they might be in:


Consonant Clusters Consonant Clusters in words
nd hand, band, friend
mp camp, lamp, attempt
nt tent, vent, can't
nk ink, stink, wink
ft left, theft, craft
sk tusk, husky, skate
lt belt, felt Lilt
lp gulp, help, alps
lf elf, shelf, golf
lk milk, folk, silk
pt script, adapt, adopt
xt text, context, Dexter
tr train, tree, treacle
dr dream, drain, drive
gr gran, grain, grave
cr crab, crane, cream
br broom, break, brick
fr friend, frog, frown
bl blue, black, blip
fl flag, flounder, flat
gl glasses, glitter, glide
pl plane, pluck, plum
cl clown, click, claw
st stairs, mast, fast


Please press play on the video link below to see how to pronounce these sounds: 

Some consonant clusters and how to pronounce them

Phase 4 phonics resources